6th Annual International Workshop on Presence
October 6-8, 2003
Aalborg, Denmark

PRESENCE 2003 took place at Aalborg University in Aalborg, Denmark October 6-8, 2003. It was organized by ISPR and supported by the European Commission’s FET Presence Research Initiative through the IST BENOGO and IST OMNIPRES projects, and by Aalborg University.

Below is a list of the papers and presentations from the conference, in alphabetical order by author name, with links to Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) files containing each paper.

The complete conference proceedings are available in a large (1.5 mb) .pdf file here.

If you have questions or problems, please send an e-mail message to

Communication in Virtual Environments: Establishing Common Ground for a Collaborative Spatial Task
Anne-Sofie Axelsson, Åsa Abelin, Ralph Schroeder

Affective Benefits in Communication: The Development and Field-testing of a New Questionnaire Measure
J.v. Baren, W. Ijsselsteijn, N. Romero, P. Markopoulos, B. de Ruyter

Embodied Conversational Agents in E-Commerce. Do they sell?
Gary Bente, Heike Blens, Nicole C. Krämer

When Low Spatial Ability Does not get you “there” in 3D Environments, but Agent Jump out “Here” to Change Attitudes
Frank Biocca, Linda A. Jackson, Lynette Lim, Weimin Mou, Gretchen Barbatsis, Alexander von Eye, Yong Zhao, Hiram Fitzgerald

A Psychological Approach to Presence
C. Botella, R.M. Banos, M. Alcañiz

More Breaks Less Presence
Andrea Brogni, Mel Slater, Anthony Steed

The Sense of Presence in a Sample of Patients with Neuropsychological Dysfunctions during a VR-enhanced Cognitive Rehabilitation
G. Castelnuovo, C. Lo Priore, Di. Liccione, A Gaggioli, G. Riva, Da. Liccione

Investigating the Relationship Between Presence and Emotion using Virtual Mood Induction Procedures
Kristina Chapman, Jonathan Freeman, Edmund Keogh, Cath Dillon, Mercedes Jorquera, Beatriz Rey, Rosa Banos, Mariano Alcañiz Raya

Gender Identification with an Anthropomorphic Computer Help Agent: A Social Presence Approach
Prabu David, Li Cai, Tingting Lu, Irkwon Jeong

Presence and High Fidelity Patient Simulators in Anaesthesiology: Influences Derived From Interviews and Questionnaires
Peter Dieckmann, Tanja Manser, Theo Wehner

Cue Integration in the Haptic Perception of Virtual Shapes
Knut Drewing, Marc O. Ernst

Evaluation of the VIRTUE Video-Conference System Using the ITC-Sense of Presence Inventory
Jonathan Freeman, Jane Lessiter, Oliver Schreer,  Peter Kauff

Facilitating the Presence of Users and 3D Models by the Augmented Round Table
Erik Granum, Thomas B. Moeslund, Mortiz Störring, Wolfgang Broll, Michael Wittkaemper

Effects of Interactivity and Expressiveness on Perceived Social Presence, Memory and Persuasion in Interactive Health Communications
Hsuan-Yuan Huang

Should Product Involvement Facilitate the Experience of Telepresence? The Case of a Quasi 3-D Virtual Store
Anne-Cecile Jeandrain, Frank Biocca

Using Eye Tracking and Psychophysiological Methods to Study Spatial Presence
Jari Laarni, Niklas Ravaja, Timo Saari

Effects of Screen Size on Physical Presence, Self Presence, Mood, and Attitude toward Virtual Characters in Computer/Video Game Playing
Kwan M Lee, Wei Peng

Connecting the Presence’s Factors for Guiding Measurements
Antonia Lucinelma, Pessoa Albuquerque, Rubens Melo, Luiz Velho

The Importance of Shadows in Augmented Reality
C.B. Madsen, M.K.D. Sørensen, M. Vittrup

Rendering Quality and User Cognition: An Experimental Study
Katarina Mania, Dave Wooldridge, Andrew Robinson

The Gestalt of Virtual Environments
Jacquelyn Ford Morie, Josh Williams

The Thematic Baseline Technique as a Means of Improving the Sensitivity of Presence Self-report Scales
David Nunez, Edwin H. Blake

Connectedness, Awareness and Social Presence
Ruth Rettie

Emotions and Presence: A Dual Link
G. Riva, J.A. Waterworth

Beyond Presence and Copresence: A Phenomenological Account of Experiences in Shared Virtual Environments
Ralph Schroeder

Circular Vection is Facilitated by a Consistent Photorealistic Scene
Jörg Schulte-Pelkum, Bernard E. Riecke, Markus von der Heyde, Heinrich H. Bülthoff

Preparing Virtual Streets for the Investigation of Mesopic Vision
Cecília Sik Lányi, János Schanda

Physiological Responses to Breaks in Presence: A Pilot Study
Mel Slater, Andrea Brogni, Anthony Steed

Is there a Trade-off Between Presence and Copresence?
Maria Spante, Ralph Schroeder, Ilona Heldal, Ann-Sofie Axelsson

Experiences with Repertory Grid Analysis for Investigating Effectiveness of Virtual Environments
Anthony Steed, Janet McDonnell

On Transmitting Emotions – Experiments on Multimodal Presence over the Internet
Gábor Tatai, László Laufer, Attila Szaló, Annamária Csordás

When Real Seems Mediated: Anti-Presence
Lydia Reeves Timmins, Matthew Lombard

Presence as Perceived Continuity of Experience
Richard Walker, Fabrizio Davide

The Strata of Presence: Evolution, Media, and Mental States
J.A. Waterworth, G. Riva, E.L. Waterworth

“Dual” Embodied Interaction for Creating a Virtual Co-existing Space
Shigeru Wesugi, Yoshiyuki Miwa

Constructing Presence: Towards a Two-level Model of the Formation of Spatial Presence Experiences
Werner Wirth, Peter Vorderer, Tilo Hartmann, Christoph Klimmt, Holger Schramm, Saskia Böcking

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